As a chip driven by arm, apple M1 has attracted a lot of attention, especially for many fruit powder. Therefore, we have made some typical simultaneous interpreting of these devices and their ecology, and carefully studied the performance of the new M1, compared with the traditional x86. The CPU of < p > < p > M1 is designed with 8 cores of 5nm, with 4 performance cores and 4 efficiency cores. Among them, the user-centered foreground tasks with low latency will run on the performance core, and the background tasks with low latency requirements will run on four efficiency cores. < / P > < p > in addition to 8 CPU cores, M1 in the Mac Mini also has 8 GPU cores, with a total of 128 execution units. Although it is very difficult to obtain an accurate benchmark of “Apple vs non apple” on the new architecture, I am confident that this is indeed the world’s leading design. There may be a faster CPU than M1 in the existing CPU, but if the power consumption remains unchanged, there is no computer and server CPU that can compete with it. Similarly, it may be possible to beat the M1 GPU with a high-end NVIDIA or radon desktop card, but there are huge differences in power consumption, physical size, and heat. < / P > < p > compared with 64 bit x86, which is the foundation of traditional windows, Linux and Mac OS, arm architecture usually has power efficiency advantage. This energy efficiency advantage makes arm win the overwhelming victory in mobile devices such as mobile phones and tablet computers. Its milliwatt level energy consumption makes it invade the data center field later, even though the performance of a single arm processor is usually not And their x86 counterparts, but they require less power and cooling to do the same amount of work. < / P > < p > desktop computers and traditional laptops are the last bastion of 64 bit x86 architecture, among which performance and the ability to run classic operating systems and software stacks are the most important evaluation criteria. In recent years, there are more and more desktop computers based on ARM architecture, although they often run slowly and most of them are in the low-end market, such as the pinebook Pro device. However, Apple’s new M1 SOC is definitely not one of the low-end products, and the M1 has been designed from the beginning as a powerful and competitive product compared with traditional PC architecture. < / P > < p > we try to compare M1 with its competitors based on x86 architecture directly. In our equipment evaluation, we usually rely on the general comprehensive benchmark test suite, which can carry out various tests on the platform, and finally generate an intuitive score. Unfortunately, not all benchmark packages can run on MacOS, few packages can run on Apple silicon, and almost no suite can run on MacOS 11 of Apple silicon. < p > < p > cinebench’s latest version R23 provides support for the arm version of MacOS, which is generally more popular than geekbench. Although some people criticize its use of Maxon graphics rendering software for too narrow a scope, we think it can not only distinguish the CPU gap, but also be closer to the real world expectation and passmark general benchmark than geekbench. < / P > < p > browser benchmarking is a test that can translate well between different architectures, because it can measure the effect of relatively real tasks, such as complex operations, in web browsers. Although benchmarks such as jetstream 2.0 and speedometer are still comprehensive, they can simulate the world operations that each user expects to work and perform some detailed tasks. < p > < p > through the test browser, the Mac Mini driven by M1 performs well. When Safari is used on Apple silicon, the score is higher than Acer swift 3 driven by ryzen4700u and x86 Google Chrome with Rosetta. However, it is possible that these test results can not be directly compared with the actual browsing experience. They are all very fast running devices, which will be more fluent on the web and other places, and the mini and its M1 arm architecture are not slow. < p > < p > the M1 processor of Mac Mini shares the arm architecture with A12 Z and A14 bionic in the latest iPad iPhone, while Apple provides the slingshot extreme mobile game test suite of 3D mark for these devices in its app store. As can be seen from the chart, M1 performs best. If you want to play mobile games on the Mac Mini, you will get a first-class experience as long as the app adapts to the computer. < / P > < p > for the Mac Mini, it’s easy to test the power consumption of the entire system, plug it into the Kill-A-Watt meter and watch the display. When testing Acer swift 3 driven by ryzen 7 4700u, the idle state and running status of pigz-p1, pigz-p4 and pigz-p8 were tested. The Linux utility powertop was used to run each workload repeatedly until the battery discharge was stable to no more than 0.1W fluctuation. < / P > < p > it should be noted that this comparison is not particularly fair. Acer swift 3 must power the monitor, while the Mac Mini uses a discrete display. However, it is still obvious that the M1 driven Mac Mini still consumes less power than swift. < / P > < p > although there are some limitations in trying to benchmark the new architecture on a few common platforms, it is obvious that M1 does combine high performance with high efficiency. The Mac Mini tested here has better performance than some high-performance mobile CPUs when its power consumption and cooling characteristics are not limited. However, M1 is not very powerful either. If competitors bring more cores and threads into large-scale parallel competition, M1 may be defeated. However, competitors can only do this when the power and heat differences are serious, and there may be huge differences in manufacturing costs. < / P > < p > in addition to being confused by the large-scale parallel workload, Apple has obviously broken through the limitations of high-performance arm desktop and notebook design, that is, it can build an arm system that can compete with X86 even at high-performance level. < / P > < p > it should be pointed out that this is only Apple’s first generation arm laptop, and there is still a lot of room for growth. The subsequent design of the new Mac Pro may have eight performance cores instead of four. < / P > < p > in addition, M1 is manufactured based on TSMC’s 5nm process, which is smaller than that currently used by AMD and Intel. Intel’s rocket Lake desktop CPU is expected to run at 14nm, and AMD’s 5nm Zen 4 architecture should be launched in 2021. Privacy Policy