It seems that the Republic of California, the world’s fifth largest economy, will shoulder the banner of climate change for the United States of America. (Note: 150 years ago, California was briefly independent after leaving Mexico. After joining the United States, the official flag also retained the title of “Republic of California.”. )< p > < p > before the haze caused by the wildfire has subsided, California governor Nelson can’t wait to announce his grand plan. He wants to lead the largest state in the U.S. economy (California accounts for 15% of U.S. GDP), accelerate the pace of curbing climate change and global warming, thoroughly embrace new energy vehicles, and bid farewell to traditional internal combustion vehicles. On Wednesday, Newson stood in front of a row of electric vehicles and announced that he had signed an executive order: by 2035, all new car sales in California must be zero emissions (including cars and pickups); by 2045, sales of new heavy vehicles in California must be zero; and by 2024, California will no longer issue oil and gas production permits for hydraulic fracturing. < p > < p > Newson ordered the California regulatory authorities to formulate plans to promote car companies to gradually increase the sales of zero emission vehicles such as electric vehicles or hydrogen energy until 2035, to ban the sale of all internal combustion vehicles; to instruct the transportation department to find alternative solutions to encourage people to choose public transportation and other modes of travel, so as to reduce the demand for driving; and he called on the legislative authorities to seek solutions to solve the problem of oil and gas The impact of industry withdrawal on California’s economy and employment. < / P > < p > what needs to be emphasized is that Newson only announced that the sale of new diesel vehicles in California will be banned in 2035. The fuel vehicles already owned by the public can still be driven on the road, and the second-hand sales will not be affected. The annual sales volume of new cars in California is about 1.9 million. Previously, the California government has planned to achieve zero emission vehicle ownership of 7.5 million by 2030, compared with only 700000 at present. < / P > < p > this is not the first time that California has carried the banner of environmental protection in the United States. Newson just took over the baton of N predecessors. Over the past few decades, the California government has always regarded environmental protection as a basic policy, whether Republican or ruling. Governor Schwarzenegger, most familiar to Chinese readers, is also keen to promote new energy sources such as solar energy and hydrogen. However, Newson explained that he did not have the power to ban oil and gas companies currently drilling in California, which required approval from the federal government and the California Congress. < / P > < p > why is California so keen on environmental protection and emission reduction? Because of the pollution problem. Although the impression of California is always blue sea and blue sky, it actually has the most serious air pollution problem in the United States. According to the American Lung Association (ALA), several cities in California’s Central Valley, Fresno and Bakersfield, are the most polluted areas in the United States. The term “smog” we are familiar with originated in Los Angeles. The local media combined the two words smoke and fog into one. < p > < p > because of its dense population, numerous cars, dense industries and surrounded by mountains on three sides, Los Angeles once suffered from serious air pollution. In the 1950s, the most serious air pollution in American history, photochemical smog, broke out in Los Angeles, causing hundreds of deaths. The incident was a turning point in the U.S. air pollution control, prompting the California government to strictly control industrial pollution and exhaust emissions. < p > < p > as the most populous state in the United States, the car ownership of California is also higher than that of the United States. At present, the total number of cars, trucks, buses and motorcycles exceeds 30 million. Car exhaust accounts for more than 30% of California’s greenhouse gas emissions, according to the California Air Resources Agency. With the adjustment of industrial structure in the past few decades, heavy industry and manufacturing industry have gradually moved out of California, and automobile exhaust has become the primary goal of California government to control air pollution. < / P > < p > as a country on wheels, it is impossible for the United States to take measures to restrict purchase or travel. California government’s main emission reduction measures are to improve the oil standards, improve engine efficiency and reduce exhaust emissions. Before 2017, the sulfur content of gasoline in California was even only one third of that of the federal standard of the United States (after 2017, the national standard was upgraded to 10ppm). Coupled with the continuous increase of fuel tax by the California government, California’s gasoline price has become the most expensive in 48 local states. < p > < p > take the oil price statistics of AAA website as an example. At present, the average oil price of regular standard in the United States (87 in the United States is equivalent to No. 92 gasoline in China) is $2.189 per gallon (a gallon is equal to 3.875 liters), that of New York State on the east coast is $2.265, that of southern Texas is $1.864, while that of California is $3.216, nearly half higher than the average oil price of the United States Next to Hawaii, where shipping costs are high. At the current exchange rate of RMB to us dollar, the oil price in California is roughly equivalent to RMB 5.796 per liter. < / P > < p > on the one hand, the high oil price makes California residents complain, on the other hand, they are more willing to accept new energy vehicles to reduce travel costs. What’s more, the California government provides many tax rebates for new energy vehicles. According to the current standard, the tax rebate for hybrid electric vehicles is $1000, that for pure electric vehicles is $2000, and for hydrogen fuel vehicles is $4500. In addition, the California government also provides special treatment (with time limit) for new energy vehicles to enter the fast lane carpool during rush hours to avoid traffic congestion. < p > < p > California also has the most sophisticated new energy infrastructure in the United States, with 24400 charging spaces and 43 hydrogen refueling stations (as of the second quarter of this year), most of which are located in the San Francisco Bay area, the Los Angeles area and San Diego. These three metropolitan areas are the most densely populated and affluent areas in California. Therefore, the intensive construction of charging network in these three metropolitan areas can guarantee the demand of most electric vehicle owners in California. < / P > < p > driven by these measures, California’s sales of new energy vehicles account for half of the U.S. for a long time. According to the statistics of Veloz, California’s total sales of new energy vehicles in 2019 are 156100, accounting for 47% of the total sales of 331600 vehicles in the United States. However, sales of new energy vehicles in California fell 12.4% year-on-year last year, and this year, hot sales of model 3 have begun to grow again. < / P > < p > it’s not an exaggeration to say that California fed Tesla. California has long accounted for about 60% of Tesla’s U.S. sales. In the years of Tesla’s financial difficulties, the California based emissions trading system (ZEV credits) brought valuable revenue to musk. According to the law of California, automobile manufacturers who sell more than 60000 vehicles in California must sell enough zero emission vehicles to get zero emission points. Those who can’t meet the zero emission point target can only buy from those with rich points, while Tesla, an electric vehicle manufacturer, can sell points to earn revenue. < / P > < p > Why are Honda and Toyota keen to launch hydrogen vehicles in California? Because for every hydrogen vehicle sold, it can get the highest 9 points in California’s zero emission points (points are not only related to the endurance, but also related to the charging speed, so the zero emission points of hydrogen energy vehicles that complete hydrogenation in a few minutes are twice as high as those of conventional electric vehicles). These important points can bring real benefits to Japanese auto companies with huge sales volume of conventional models and save them a lot of money to purchase emission credits. < / P > < p > although California has launched so many measures to boost the sales of new energy vehicles and drive the sales of new energy vehicles in California to continue to grow, the proportion of new energy vehicles in the sales of new vehicles in California has not exceeded 10%, which is still a huge gap from the grand goal formulated by the California government. When the California government introduced the zero emission point system in 1994, it was planned that zero emission vehicles would account for one seventh of the newly sold vehicles in 2025. However, according to Veloz’s prediction, the proportion of zero emission vehicles in new vehicle sales in 2019 is only 8.26%, which is even lower than that of 8.91% in 2018. Achieving the goal of 2025 means that California’s zero emission vehicles will grow by 73% over the next five years. To achieve the goal of zero emission of new vehicle sales in 2035, it means that the sales of zero emission vehicles will increase more than ten times in the next 15 years. At the beginning of this year, the California government also revised the development plan of zero emission vehicles, and planned to increase the number of new energy vehicles from 5 million to 7.5 million by 2030. But as of the beginning of this year, California had only 700000 zero emission vehicles, which means California’s zero emission vehicles will grow more than tenfold in the next decade. < / P > < p > what measures can the California government introduce to promote the huge growth of new energy vehicles? Alliance for automotive innovation, which represents the interests of traditional automobile enterprises, said in an email statement sent to Sina technology that compulsory policies alone cannot create market demand. The California government needs to take more measures to stimulate car companies, boost the demand for zero emission vehicles, build infrastructure, launch stimulus measures, and amend laws and regulations. < p > < p > bill Wyland, founder of the Wyland foundation, a non-profit environmental organization, told Sina technology that Newson’s clean energy initiative is an important step in the right direction, and California has set an example of global leaders in addressing the climate crisis. But Newson has not yet announced what measures it will introduce. Compared with issuing orders and announcing plans, it is more important to take specific measures to achieve the goals. < p > < p > the California government plans to increase the sales of zero emission vehicles tenfold, which is of great significance to Tesla, an electric vehicle giant bred in California. California is Tesla’s biggest market, with sales close to 50000 in the second quarter of this year. Just a day before Newson announced the grand blueprint, musk announced at the Tesla battery day event that it would launch a $25000 civilian version of the electric car in the next three years, nearly $20000 cheaper than the current lowest priced model 3. Musk also announced that Tesla’s deliveries this year will increase by 30% – 40% year-on-year. < / P > < p > the legendary “million mile battery life” did not appear at the event. But the $25000 electric car still offers plenty of room for imagination. If the model 3 is aimed at luxury cars starting at $40000, such as BMW 3 series, it can be imagined that the $25000 electric car is benchmarked with a $20000 family car such as Toyota corolla and Honda Accord, which is enough to enter the working-class family. Veloz, an industry analyst, points out that in the past decade, the cost of electric vehicle batteries has dropped by 87%, the price of electric vehicles has dropped by 13%, while the price of fuel vehicles has increased by 2%. If government subsidies are included, the price of electric vehicles may be less than 20000 US dollars. All these factors indicate that electric vehicles will gradually become the first choice for the working class to buy cars in the next decade. < p > < p > after Newson announced the grand blueprint, Ford CEO Jim Farley immediately said, “I’m very proud that Ford is the only U.S. auto manufacturer to actively cooperate with the California government to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”. (of course, because Tesla doesn’t need to cut emissions. Or he needs to add an attribute, American traditional car manufacturer. )Ford joined the California government last year in opposing the trump administration’s repeal of the Obama administration’s emission standards. < p > < p > California sells more than 1.9 million new cars every year, which is a huge cake that big car companies can’t give up. Even in California