Although it has been generally accepted by gender researchers that animals have no gender, others are still confused. The confusion stems from the fact that males and females in many species exhibit systematic and different behaviors. One of the most basic examples is probably mating behavior. For a species, having different genders simply means having different variants, forming gametes of different sizes (such as sperm and eggs). This also often means that different body types adapt to each other to effectively combine these gametes. Of course, different body sizes require different mating strategies. < / P > < p > in some parts of the animal kingdom, gender differences in behavior go beyond mating. Sometimes, there is only one sex that will raise a baby. Other species have sex based mating and courtship strategies, such as male gorillas protecting their families and courtship dancing. But there are other species whose males and females socialize differently. For example, bighorn goats live in separate communities. < / P > < p > What are the differences between these behaviors and gender? Why are these behaviors not considered gender? To answer these questions, we first need to figure out what gender is, which is a bit subtle. The word “gender” has been widely used. It’s not a problem in itself. Gender is complex and multifaceted, so it is justifiable for people to elaborate different aspects of gender in different ways. (however, the complexity of gender seems to cause the confusion that this article wants to discuss: whether animals are gender specific or not.) Back to the point, how do we understand gender? < p > < p > it was not until the 1950s that psychologist John maney began to use the term “gender role” to refer to things related to biological gender, but the two were not the same. Since then, theoretical differences in gender have emerged: the word sex is used to express the biological distinction between genders, while gender is culturally specific. Gender involves a series of codes of conduct that shape and regulate the behavior of men and women, and specifies what it means to be a man or a woman, respectively. These codes of conduct are a result of cultural development and passed down from generation to generation through cultural learning. (please note that the gender here is in the context of the gender system.) Gender theorists such as Judith Butler and Anne Forster Stirling have proposed that sex and gender cannot be completely separated. Our physical gender influences cultural norms about gender. They complement each other. (for example, in many cultures, it is generally believed that work requiring upper limb strength is done by men, that is, males.) However, despite this constant connection, peacocks still have no gender. Because peacocks have no culture. How do we know that gender is not just a biological fact? What makes gender culturally different, rather than just having different behaviors like animals? Here’s some key evidence. Unlike any other animal, the gender behavior of human beings varies greatly in different cultural backgrounds. In this culture, what is considered suitable for women in another culture may turn out to be the opposite. Even the number of genders varies by culture. Although most cultures tend to have a gender system linked to physical gender, others accept three or more genders. < / P > < p > correspondingly, gender related rules and patterns also change over time. For example, at the beginning of the last century, American women could not wear pants, but now there is no such rule at all. Also, in the western world, pink is often associated with women, but this association has only recently emerged. In other words, gender has a lot of randomness. Gender is flexible and can be defined in many ways. This means, of course, that culture is still the fundamental determinant of gender. However, there are still some mysteries to be solved. First of all, do animals have no culture? Second, even without culture, can’t animals have sex? Culture depends on the inheritance of knowledge and information from generation to generation, so that the stable mode of useful behavior can continue to exist after it appears, and it also enables us to accumulate the cultural knowledge handed down from generation to generation. Some animals can participate in such learning in limited ways. For example, Orcas can learn from each other how to hunt, and different groups of Orcas will have different hunting methods. In another famous case, a group of Japanese macaques learned to wash sweet potatoes after one of the females started washing sweet potatoes. However, the real examples of animals having culture are relatively rare, and the gender related behavior patterns and learning styles of human beings are not involved. For example, we don’t see any group of killer whales in which females only learn from females and only teach skills to other females. Even if observed, this sexist behavior lacks many key features of the human gender system. Most importantly, the human gender system also involves healthy normative behavior – not only is women’s behavior influenced by the culture and education they receive, but we, as a society, agree that they should. But there is no such element in animal culture. Another question is, if gender is a cultural construct, why is it so common? Why does every society studied have some behavior patterns and norms in the behavior of men and women? Are there any cultures that are not gender specific? If so, is gender more inborn and closer to biological relationships than we think? The answer to these questions is that gender development is so widespread because it is of great use to the division of labor. In the process of cultural development, human beings gradually master important survival skills, but learning these skills is often difficult and time-consuming. In traditional culture, these skills may include making ropes, collecting and processing food, building houses and firing pottery. Gender provides a set of rules that allow you to pick different categories of people and then let different groups of people do different things. Of course, we can also use other ways to divide labor, but the physiological gender difference makes gender a particularly convenient way of labor division. We don’t need to use gender to solve the problem of division of labor, but this method is so convenient and easy to use that almost every culture develops some form of gender division of labor. Once the gender division of labor is formed, various cultures such as ceremony, meaning, expectation and norm will gradually accumulate. < / P > < p > all of this brings a more difficult problem. If gender is culturally based, can it explain all the differences between men’s and women’s behaviors? Do humans have gender differences like animals? This question is difficult to answer because it inevitably involves more sexism, prejudice and inequality. If there are inborn behavioral differences between men and women, then it is reasonable to say that we do not have to treat men and women equally. A typical example is that women are not inherently as competitive as men, so it is not a problem that there are relatively few women as CEOs. < / P > < p > there may be innate behavioral differences between men and women, but the extent of these differences is very difficult to measure. Cultural influence shapes the gender behavior of everyone on earth, which means that we can’t measure the congenital gender differences without considering the cultural factors. < / P > < p > this brings us back to the original question: why is it important to recognize that animals have no sex? As for the different behaviors between men and women, we can’t simply think that these differences come from the innate physiological differences, just as we study animals. When little boys refuse dolls, we cannot infer from them whether they have the innate ability to take care of their babies. Instead, we need to look at human behavior in a completely different way. We need to first realize that our cultural system has an important influence on the behavior of men and women, boys and girls. (Henglin) < A= target=_ blank>It is said that “gta5” will be launched on Google cloud game platform stadia