COVID-19 has a profound impact on the employment market of the world’s major economies. Citing the latest “post epidemic era” employment market report released by McKinsey, an international consulting and management company, Russia’s website said today that the epidemic situation has accelerated the development of e-commerce, telecommuting and automation industries. In the next 10 years, 100 million people in the world’s eight major economies may have to change their existing jobs, equivalent to one in every 16 workers I have to change jobs.
The report analyzes the situation of China, France, Germany, India, Japan, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. The report points out that from the perspective of employment, jobs that need close contact with people are most seriously affected by the epidemic, including counter business in banking and postal industries, as well as catering, leisure, tourism and other service industries. People engaged in such jobs, especially young people, are more likely to change jobs. At the same time, people with lower education and professional skills may be more affected by the epidemic, and many jobs they are engaged in are more likely to disappear or be replaced, but their skills are difficult to meet the requirements of new jobs. Data show that in Europe and the United States, people without a college degree are more likely to be forced to change jobs. In the United States, people without a college degree are 1.3 times more likely to be forced to change jobs than college graduates.
The report also shows that the epidemic has had a negative impact on many industries, but some industries have risen during the epidemic. For example, the development speed of e-commerce industry is two to five times faster than that before the outbreak of the epidemic; in addition, the development speed of high-tech industries such as artificial intelligence and automation has also been catalysed, especially in the jobs that traditionally require close contact with people, the above-mentioned high-tech applications will be greatly promoted. In addition, the development trend of telecommuting will continue, but the growth rate will decline with the gradual control of the epidemic.
In the process of digital technology application promoting the evolution of the workplace, China’s performance attracts people’s attention. Data show that in the first half of 2020, China’s e-commerce, express and social media related jobs increased by more than 5.1 million. (Zhen Xiang)