Some people attribute the success of electric car company Tesla to learning the essence of apple. Tesla’s electric car is also regarded as “iPhone with wheels”. The key question is, apple probably thinks the same way – it’s all about adding wheels. Why don’t I add them myself? Recently, the media quoted the news of Taiwan manufacturers in China, saying that Apple may launch electric vehicles two years ahead of schedule, and the expected time will be the third quarter of 2021, which is about nine months later. < / P > < p > previously, it was reported that Apple had tested several prototypes on California roads. The latest news of Apple’s electric car products is that John giannandrea, Apple’s director of artificial intelligence, has become the new leader of the company’s car building project. < / P > < p > this year can be said to be a year when new car companies hit the bottom and rebounded. Not only did Tesla’s share price soar, but its market value surpassed the sum of all traditional car companies. Domestic new car companies Weilai, ideal and Xiaopeng are also favored by investors in the capital market, and their sales are rising all the way. < / P > < p > as the benchmark of consumer electronics and even the whole technology industry, Apple’s new car project named “Titan” has attracted much attention, but it has been in the fog. Even if Apple’s apple car “jumps” nine months later, Apple’s entry into the new car building camp alone has brought more attention and expectations to the industry. < / P > < p > in 2007, apple rewrote the later history of smart phones and mobile Internet with iPhone. If Apple launches Apple car, what kind of new era will it usher in? Perhaps, we can see some clues from the previous information. < / P > < p > in February 2015, a rumor spread that Apple was engaged in electric vehicle projects. In order to form a team, Apple also poached many talents from Tesla. < / P > < p > in October of that year, when Apple CEO Tim Cook talked about the automobile industry, he said: “it seems that there will be great changes in this industry, we will wait and see. I do think the industry is at an inflection point of great change. ” Cook also pointed out that the importance of software is increasing in the whole system architecture of future automobiles. Today, five years later, more and more people in the industry agree with this view. < p > < p > in 2016, the Titan project was called “Titan hammer”. The source of the disclosure is Tesla CEO musk, who has been poached by a large number of people. He said Apple could build a compelling electric car: “if you hire more than 1000 engineers to do this, it’s hard to hide it.” < / P > < p > however, the Titan project did not go as smoothly as expected. Perhaps realizing that building a car is extremely difficult and complex, from 2017, the focus of Titan project began to shift to “automatic driving”, putting the development of automatic driving software in the first place. It was also from this year that cook publicly acknowledged the fact that Apple was developing autonomous driving technology. < / P > < p > starting from the end of 2017, apple gradually began to publish patents: in 2018 and 2019, there are 31 and 32 patents, respectively. Before the end of 2020, Apple has applied for 28 automobile related patents: < / P > < p > from the perspective of categories, we temporarily divide the patents into three categories: automatic driving, vehicle shape and cockpit, and novel experience. Among the three categories, the number of patents related to vehicle appearance and cockpit is the largest, a large part of which is about the interaction mode between the driver or passengers in the car, which is also closely related to automatic driving: < / P > < p > in the process of transformation to automatic driving, apple laid off several 10 employees; since then, it has laid off 400 employees successively in 2019 and 2020 Apple’s plans for the car are uncertain, as can be seen from the many changes in the number of employees and project leaders. < / P > < p > however, from the perspective of patent applications, Apple’s car building is not stagnant, but more and more clear. Among the 92 patents currently published, some features of Apple car can also be roughly sketched out. < / P > < p > What does Apple look like? Will the interaction in the car be as smooth and user experience as we operate the iPhone? In order to make a more detailed description, geek park also divided the speculation on Apple car into three parts: automatic driving, vehicle shape and cockpit, and novel experience. < / P > < p > ar has long been known by technology lovers. For car fans, there are many “precedents” for the combination of AR and windshield, namely ar-hud. HUD, also known as head up display, can project important information such as speed per hour, navigation signs, etc. in the process of driving onto the windshield in front of the driver. In essence, it is for driving safety and does not allow the driver to look down or turn to other screens in the car. < / P > < p > because HUD is a complex component integrating optical design, structural design, ECU design and software algorithm, the technical threshold is high. Compared with traditional HUD, AR HUD has a stronger sense of technology and a higher degree of integration with road conditions. In the process of popularization, there are still many problems to be overcome, such as technology and industrial chain. < / P > < p > and apple has changed its mind to treat the windshield as a “screen.”. The 2018 patent provides passengers with a layer of information such as transparent images laid on the surface of the computer, which can be displayed through a transparent layer of glass. < / P > < p > simply put, apple projects the calculated image (i.e. augmented reality) onto the windshield to facilitate drivers to view real-time road conditions and other information. In the example given by apple, augmented reality can be used for real-time road navigation. < / P > < p > more than that, this windshield can show more. For example, when there are many tall buildings in front of you and you don’t know the specific location, the driver can say “the building in front” or point to a building in front of you. According to the identification of the car, the windshield can display the specific information of that building and navigate to it; < p > < p > the windshield can even display the speed of all vehicles in front. According to the difference between its own speed and road speed limit, apple car calculates the speed of the other party by spatial positioning in the environment, which can not only see the real-time speed of the other party’s vehicle, but also tell the driver whether the vehicle exceeds the speed limit of the road. < / P > < p > in order to prove that Apple really made the windshield into a screen, it also made two more interesting functions. The co driver can watch streaming video on the windshield, and the driver can use FaceTime video call. The former is completed by installing a screen in most vehicles, while the latter does not require drivers to use a mobile phone in the vehicle. This is exactly the best proof that Apple wants to replace the screen with it. < / P > < p > according to apple, the vehicle includes multiple groups of external and internal sensors, the external is responsible for generating environmental data, and the internal is responsible for user data, including visible light camera, infrared camera, ultrasonic sensor, depth camera, radar and other equipment. The integration of a large number of devices has more than doubled the difficulty compared with mobile phones, but at the same time, the new experience can also reach a new height. < / P > < p > Apple has already applied artificial intelligence to its mobile phones, tablet computers and other devices. The most typical example is that each generation of chips contains a neural network engine, which is convenient for mobile phones to run a large number of AI calculations. < / P > < p > in the car. Apple applied for two patents on automatic control of motor vehicles in 2018. The patent specifically mentioned that Lee Teuk can be used for multitasking output, including changing lanes, observing pedestrians, motion control, etc. < / P > < p > it seems that this technology is not difficult to realize now. The biggest use of on-board AI chip lies in real-time identification and analysis of external environment data, and feedback to the vehicle. But Apple’s two patents are detailed about how to achieve it, such as the use of neural network for automated driving vehicles to transfer data to multiple tasks, and then judge by each task. One example is that when analyzing road images, the data will be fed back to the vehicle navigation system in real time. < / P > < p > navigation can also be well combined with the AR windshield mentioned above. In autopilot, passengers can stop the car in the same position by combining gesture and voice. If the position is not accurate, you can also use the iPhone’s virtual joystick to fine tune. It sounds a bit like Tesla’s call mode. < / P > < p > automatic driving technology still has huge room for growth, and apple, which started late, does not have much advantage over waymo, cruise and other companies focusing on automatic driving. In the annual report of automatic driving vehicle survey published in California, Apple has more than 60 vehicles on the road, compared with 153 of the first automated driving test companies in waymo. < / P > < p > and the report data shows that Apple has paid less and less attention to the automatic driving test, not only the number of vehicles has been reduced to 23, but also the test mileage has dropped sharply, from 79745 km to 12140 km. < / P > < p > compared with pure technical parameters, apple doesn’t get much benefit, but in its unique advantage – intelligent devices, it has a different taste when combined with automatic driving. < / P > < p > in a patent published in 2019, Apple has tampered with the most humble seat belt. According to the information described in the patent, after adopting the automatic driving mode, the user has leisure time in the car, and can communicate with others or watch content. Among them, the safety belt plays a role of “operation core”. < / P > < p > for example, touch or use gestures to control the induction settings on the seat belt, which can control the vehicle, including the window height, seat position, multimedia player, etc.; the seat belt is also equipped with microphone and loudspeaker, which is convenient for passengers to talk, and the microphone can monitor the pressure of passengers based on voice/ Emotional health; of course, there are safety considerations. The sensors on the seat belt can measure the vital signs of passengers, including heart rate, body temperature, blood alcohol content and so on. The safety belt is powered by solar energy. When the vehicle is parked outdoors during the day, it is a good time for the safety belt to “charge”. < / P > < p > first of all, you can see the humanized side of apple on the door. In addition to the traditional way of opening the door, the door can be located adaptively based on the data of the body sensor. In narrow parking spaces, when there are vehicles on both sides, the doors can be opened in the form of sliding, as shown in the figure below: < / P > < p > the bumper outside the vehicle also makes changes. Different from the traditional fixed bumper, if there is a vehicle collision accident, the bumper of Apple car can be changed according to the collision to absorb the impact force and avoid damaging the vehicle. < / P > < p > the bumper adopts an inflatable structure with compressed gas injected into it, which can extend the bumper by 20-160mm during expansion. According to the impact reaction, the front-end reaction of the bumper is also different. When hitting the inclined object, the bumper can adapt to the shape of the other object: < / P > < p > the design of the automatic driving vehicle is different from the general vehicle, there is no steering wheel, brake accelerator, and the seats are two rows of passengers face to face. At this time, the traditional airbag is no longer applicable. to this end