On September 24, the National Bureau of cultural relics held an important progress meeting on “archaeological China” major project, and released five new archaeological achievements, including the Xinglong site in Kangbao, Hebei Province, Jingtoushan site in Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, Taosi site in Xiangfen, Shanxi Province, Shijiahe site in Tianmen, Hubei Province, Shimao and Zhaishan stone city sites in Shaanxi Province. According to the introduction, the five new archaeological achievements have filled in a number of gaps in prehistoric archaeological China from the aspects of settlement organization, beliefs and customs, animal and plant remains, unearthed relics, palace buildings, ancient city sites and other aspects of archaeological research, which has filled a number of gaps in prehistoric archaeological China and revealed the civilization genes of early China in multiple dimensions, which is of great significance to the study of the process of Chinese civilization. The Xinglong site is located in the southeast of Xinglong Village, zhaoyanghe Town, Kangbao County, Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province. The site is located on the gentle slope to the south of a low mountain on the West Bank of saigedagou, a seasonal river. The site was found in the regional systematic survey of Bashang area in 2016. From 2018 to 2019, the National Museum of China, Hebei Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and Zhangjiakou Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology formed a joint archaeological team to excavate the site, with a total excavation area of about 1100 square meters. According to the introduction, the main body of the Xinglong site was deposited in the middle and late Neolithic period. According to the preliminary judgment, the Neolithic cultural remains can be divided into at least four periods – < / P > < p > the first to the third periods are about 8500-7000 years ago. Most of the relics revealed are house sites, and there is a joint burial tomb. The unearthed artifacts are mainly composed of a large number of grinding plates, grinding rods, beating stone tools and microlithic tools. The pottery is represented by pointed round bottom cauldron, cylindrical pot and plate-shaped ware, and hemp In addition, there are exquisite bone horn clam tools, mainly bone handle stone knives and small ornaments. The fourth stage remains date from 5800 to 5200 years ago, and the remains are mainly represented by similar “Zao” stone circle, fine stone mound and yuankeng tomb. The relics of this period are mainly the funerary objects of yuankeng tomb, represented by small ornaments of bone horn dentin. Among them, the miniature stone beads and red deer teeth string ornaments are more special, and the latter are common in Eurasia grassland area since the Paleolithic age. Experts believe that the Xinglong site has a complex accumulation, and a large number of unearthed relics reflecting its unique cultural features have been found. Among them, the relics of the first and third phases and other similar sites around represent a new archaeological culture, which has the value of filling the gap of Prehistoric Archaeology in Bashang area. The Jingtoushan site is located in Sanqi Town, Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, adjacent to Hemudu site and Tianluoshan site. In October 2013, it was found that marine mollusk shells were the main contents of the cultural accumulation, with a burial depth of 5-10 meters and a total area of about 20000 square meters. From September 2019 to August 2020, Zhejiang Provincial Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, together with Ningbo Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and Hemudu Site Museum, actively excavated the site. According to archaeological findings, the settlement elements such as movable platform, waste dumping area, food and tool processing area and tidal flat area are found outside the village residential area, and relics such as open fire pit, food storage pit near the coast, processing area of living utensils and other relics are found. There are a large number of relics unearthed in the site, including artifacts, animal and plant remains and mineral remains. There are more than 300 artifacts, including pottery, stone tools, bone, shell, wood and woven fabrics. Animal remains include marine shells and bones of fishing and hunting animals. The most of the plant remains are waste wood and Quercus acutissima fruit and acorn in the storage pit, and the mineral remains are mainly a large number of fragment reefs cemented oyster shells. According to the introduction, the Jingtoushan site is buried 5 to 10 meters deep, which is the first coastal shell mound site in Zhejiang and the Yangtze River Delta region, and the deepest and oldest coastal shell mound site in China. Experts believe that the excavation of Jingtoushan site is a major breakthrough in Chinese prehistoric archaeology, and is of great value to the study of the origin of Chinese marine culture and the changes of marine environment. The palace area, as the core functional area of large-scale capital sites, has always been the focus of academic circles, and is also one of the most important and direct elements of the capital nature of Taosi site. < / P > < p > from 2013 to 2017, the Institute of Archaeology of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Shanxi Provincial Institute of archaeology continued to dissect and excavate the suspected palace city wall of Taosi site. It took five years to gradually confirm the existence of nearly 130000 square meters palace city of Taosi site, and fully exposed the South East Gate site and the side gate at the southeast corner. < / P > < p > the focus of the excavation work from 2018 to 2019 is to fully expose the largest palace building in the palace city, with a total excavation area of 2880 square meters. According to the introduction, the scale, structure and age of large-scale palace buildings with three row column net structure have been excavated and confirmed. The palace building platform is about 520 square meters. There are three rows of 18 column holes on the foundation site. There are column foundation stones at the bottom of the column holes. Some foundation stones are filled with stones. At the same time, rammed earth foundation is also found in the north of the large palace building. Experts believe that the excavation of the large-scale rammed earth building foundation site in the palace city of Taosi site is of great significance. The excavation further confirmed the existence of the largest palace building with an area of nearly 8000 square meters in the palace city, which is the largest rammed earth building base site in prehistoric period. The Shijiahe site is the largest and highest level settlement in the Neolithic Age in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. In the main period of 5900-3800 years ago, the culture and settlement of the site have experienced the initial rise, prosperity, gradual change, mutation and decline. From 2014 to 2019, the Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology of Hubei Province and the school of archaeology, Peking University jointly formed the Shijiahe archaeological team to systematically explore the Shijiahe site group and the surrounding 9 square kilometers area, and successively carried out key excavation in the yinxintai, tanjialing and Sanfangwan sites of the Shijiahe site group. According to the archaeological excavation, the most remarkable discoveries are the large-scale city site of tanjialing, the large-scale sacrificial site of yinxintai, the high-level collecting jade burial in tanjialing, and the professional pottery making workshop in Sanfangwan. According to the introduction, the ancient city wall of tanjialing covers an area of 170000 square meters, far larger than other sites of the same cultural nature in the same period. It is an important beginning of Shijiahe as a cultural center in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and an important foundation for the formation of Shijiahe ancient city. < p > < p > the yinxintai large-scale sacrificial site has revealed five artificial piled loess platform foundations in the late Shijiahe culture. Around the foundations, there are also more than 100 special sacrificial relics, including urn coffin, cup, inverted buckle VAT, etc., which is the largest sacrifice site in the middle reaches of the Yangtze river. According to experts, the discovery of tanjialing ancient city has advanced the age of Shijiahe site as the cultural center of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River to 5500 years ago, and then the discovery of jade artifacts of Shijiahe culture suggests that the central position of the site may continue to the late Neolithic age and the Xia period. < p > < p > the investigation and excavation of stone city settlements in Longshan period around Shimao in Shaanxi Province is an important part of the archaeological work of Shimao large site and the major project of “archaeological China”. Up to now, more than 20 Longshan stone cities have been investigated in detail, involving Huangfuchuan, shimachuan, Kuye River, Tuwei River, Jialu River and other tributaries of the Yellow River in Yulin area. < p > < p > from the current findings, Shicheng is a typical settlement feature of Shimao culture, with obvious differences in scale, from thousands of square meters to 4 million square meters, reflecting the hierarchical differentiation of settlements within the Shimao kingdom. The stone city of fuguzhai mountain was discovered and confirmed under this academic background. Fuguzhaishan stone city is located in the village of wangshamao administrative village, Tianjiazhai Town, Fugu County, Yulin City, Shaanxi Province. In addition to the stone wall, horse surface and core platform foundation, the most important discovery of Zhaishan stone city is 21 stone mound cultural tombs. The classification of tombs is obvious, the shape features are distinct, and the combination of artifacts is typical, which provides rich new materials for the study of tombs of Shimao culture. Experts believe that the stone city sites and Zhaishan tombs of Shimao culture show unique cultural characteristics and obvious hierarchical differences, which provide a solid foundation for the establishment of Shimao culture, and are important materials for exploring the social structure and civilization process in Hetao area. Apple extends AppleCare + purchase period: users can decide within 60 days

By ibmwl