If you want to understand something in the Internet industry, it is said that as long as you stay in the media long enough. After the continuous fermentation of the new intelligent manufacturing concept of rhinoceros factory in recent days, we have always felt that the logic of this business seems familiar, but we have fallen into self doubt. We think that the “empowerment” for small and medium-sized garment factories and Taobao clothing merchants will be different because of the rapid iteration of technology. However, in the face of all kinds of products without real production lines, we began to “cheer for the people”, and even to promote the development of the clothing industry in the whole country. We found a way out of “confusion” – to show some things Ali had done two years ago and discuss with readers what the differences are. < / P > < p > don’t flatter or belittle. Let’s see if this carnival of Ali’s new manufacture can bring earth shaking changes to the clothing industry as many people predicted. < / P > < p > on the other side is the enabling clothing factory, so as to achieve “reasonable arrangement of production capacity”. Through the rhinoceros factory as a model room, the digital production mode will be “transplanted” to hundreds of factories in the future, so that the production process of the factory will be digitized and transparent. In an interview with us in 2018, the project leader of Amoy factory once said, “we have helped more than 30000 factories achieve accurate matching based on massive big data, let high-quality factories obtain accurate customer resources, and reduce the waste of time and resources caused by the mismatch between supply and demand”. < / P > < p > fortunately, we accepted the invitation of Ali 1688 in 2018 and visited a small town called Jos in Hangzhou, where hundreds of small and medium-sized garment factories gathered. Some of them can’t even be called factories. Many of them are hidden in residential buildings. They should be called “garment workshops” — < / P > < p > at that time, a benchmarking project of Amoy factory, Dianshi factory, was the destination of my trip. Unfortunately, the scene I saw at that time was quite different from the “automatic model room” on which rhinoceros were manufactured. However, it was the common appearance of tens of thousands of small and medium-sized garment processing factories in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. The “inside” is not big at all, and the clothing materials are all over the corner. The so-called production line is actually a number of tailors who “flip their fingers” to produce the prototype of jeans or hoodies, and then send them to the sewing table on the other side. < / P > < p > at that time, the slogan of Amoy factory was “use low-cost digital software and hardware to help the factory realize the flow of production data”. Wang cunshi, the boss of Dianshi, is said to have spent 50000 yuan to purchase the software and hardware equipment combining artificial intelligence and IOT technology. < / P > < p > as a result, we see camera like hardware installed on the front and back of the relatively humble workbench. According to boss Shi of the stronghold, in this small space, there are about 20 cameras installed in all production links, including cutting bed and sewing, as well as edge servers that can meet real-time monitoring. < p > < p > Ali told us at that time that the function of these IOT hardware is mainly through computer vision analysis, which can do data processing for each production process. < / P > < p > in this way, if the factory receives 10 orders, the online system can automatically match the factory and the buyer into groups, and the online virtual robot will manage the production plan and automatically track the production plan. < / P > < p > “you can save time on both sides by making a link.” At that time, Wang cunshi, the boss of Dianshi, told us that in the past, he often received large orders of more than 5000 pieces, because there was no time to receive small orders, which was a waste of manpower and time, and it was not very profitable. < / P > < p > he told us quietly that every year, many factories have overstocked their products due to the wrong deposit on the double 11, and they owe a lot of money. “There is a factory owner who jumped from the building a year ago because the factory overstocked too many down jackets and couldn’t sell them out and went out of business.” he admitted that market forecasting ability and inventory clearing ability were not possessed by these small and medium-sized factories. < / P > < p > at the same time, more and more Taobao stores, especially many so-called “designer brands”, tend to “determine the production quantity according to the sales volume”, so they have been looking for ways to optimize the production process and shorten the delivery cycle as much as possible. < / P > < p > “most of the time, the contradiction between us and our customers is that they feel that we are not producing for them, and they have been put behind deliberately; but in fact, we have a fixed schedule for each order, and we can’t explain clearly to them.” < / P > < p > therefore, all the transaction and production steps such as “fabric to warehouse”, “feeding and cutting”, “production sewing”, “offline withdrawal” and other transaction and production steps are transparent Online – upload pictures or videos by the factory side), so that the client can see the progress of their products online, which really solves a problem. On the other hand, as the factory owner, Wang cunshi, in order to receive more small orders, divided the production team of dozens of people into many different combination modes, which was very different from the flow group of traditional large factories. < / P > < p > “the standard assembly line with more than 20 people is responsible for large orders, while the small order makers set up separate teams of 2, 4 and 6 people. It is equivalent to flexibly arranging each order to different production groups according to the scale. ” The concept of rapid response of clothing supply chain was first put forward by Zara, a famous global fast fashion brand. And a technology called “radio frequency identification” (RFID) is fully used in the whole supply chain – through the “identification code” of goods and production process, the whole process tracking of products from the factory to the store can be realized, and the inventory situation can be monitored in real time. < p > < p > < p > in the Amoy factory project, “computer vision” and “online big data analysis” have become the key technologies for garment processing factories to realize small order quick response and production on sale. According to the official data at that time, through the computer vision algorithm, Dianshi factory optimized the production process, increased the production schedule by 6%, and shortened the delivery cycle by 10%; while Taobao tmall data can help the factory to make market judgment. < / P > < p > in addition, on the 1688 platform, Amoy factory made a grade classification for the factory by referring to Zara’s supplier rating model. The higher the level of the factory, the more likely to receive orders from high-quality customers. < / P > < p > it’s true that the transparency and data sharing of each link can make the parallel operation of multiple orders more orderly, and to some extent “standardize” the delivery process, so that each process can be carried out step by step, which can save time indeed. < / P > < P > while online market and sales volume big data analysis and offline production and manufacturing link data printing In the off-season and peak season, the factory can arrange different optimal combinations of “large, medium and small orders” without production gaps, so as to keep the off-season not light; and Taobao merchants can also be matched to factories with suitable production capacity and technology. < / P > < p > according to people in the industrial Internet industry who have done similar projects, many clothes are stacked together, and image recognition hardly works – whether it is to confirm the quantity or the quality, it is not very useful. < / P > < p > and the completion confirmation is not to confirm the appearance of a certain clothes, but to determine by some execution actions or quantity. Generally speaking, image recognition is very difficult in such a complex environment, but the camera can do real-time monitoring and on-site condition confirmation, such as confirming the processing conditions of workers, which is necessary < / P > < p > then the question is, in addition to the image data, what data are available on site to allocate manpower and adjust inventory? After walking around the workshop, I found nothing else. < / P > < p > during the visit, the punching team worked in a small enclosed room, where no equipment was installed; and there was no sign of digitization in the corner where the material was stored. However, it is more difficult to quantify the work of a two person group and a four person group by hand with cameras or other sensors. The intelligent transformation of the original industry is based on automation. Without equipment automation, how can we talk about intelligence? This transformation is more like a “transaction on the cloud” than an intelligent transformation. < / P > < p > at that time, he asked the boss that he had admitted that some links “really need to be completed manually”. The significance of online order is “to avoid disputes between both sides, and the order progress is parallel.” < / P > < p > even though the process of garment factories is relatively simple as many people say, the size of production workshops in each garment factory is different, the number of employees is also different, the function and aging degree of equipment are different, the scale of each production link is different, the processing technology is not the same, and the flow of personnel is also different I don’t know how to generalize with the same price and the same amount of hardware. < / P > < p > Fourth, to determine production by sales, Ali can indeed help the factory to achieve. For example, what is popular in the season? It is more effective to use artificial intelligence to predict user preferences than factory owners clapping their heads. However, at present, technology can only do this part of the online one-dimensional work well, and the offline production workshop is a complex polyhedron. Even if the online data and the offline production process data of the factory are completely connected, the essential problem affecting the survival of the factory can not be solved. People with technology and R & D technology also need to have a high insight and insight into the production process, master’s skill proficiency, factory personnel flow (workers’ turnover is very unstable), market change from foreign trade to domestic sales, and fierce competition environment. < / P > < p > in addition, we may have overlooked a detail of the Benchmarking Project of “keystone”, that is, all groups are arranged by the boss – the ratio of personnel in large groups to groups. How to group can maximize the production efficiency and achieve sufficient flexibility? According to our field observation, there is no trace of systematic decision-making. People still play a decisive role in small and medium-sized factories. Some people say that Ali wants to sell digital solutions to domestic factories with model rooms. If you want to ask how many factories can buy this robot arm, it needs to attach a “cost recovery strategy”. However, rhino intelligent manufacturing has always been vague about its business model and income. The picture is from huwen Pro < / P > < p > two years later, when we saw Ali build the “model room” of rhinoceros factory, on the one hand, we thought whether Ali could not break through the cost and manpower bottleneck of small and medium-sized factories in China, so he simply built a demonstration by himself, and deployed advanced equipment from the bottom to the top. On the other hand, we were also thinking about this Is there any unknown change in the project two years ago. < / P > < p > therefore, I contacted Ali 1688 again, and the other party said that the project was no longer being carried out, and “upgraded” to c2m business, and the domestic trade wholesale platform 1688 was connected with Taobao’s special price version. In other words, it is to help the factory do a good job in “docking” and “matching” with the consumer side, focusing on “factory direct sales”, and no longer mentioning the problem of participating in the transformation of the factory. < / P > < p > now, it replaces alicloud IOT group