A consortium led by manufacturer Rolls Royce has announced plans to build up to 16 small modular nuclear reactors in the UK. The project will create 6000 new jobs in central and northern England over the next five years. It is reported that the British Prime Minister is ready to announce at least 200 million pounds for the project as part of the long delayed green plan for economic recovery. In addition to producing low-carbon electricity, the concept could also become an export industry, according to Rollo. In addition to Rollo, the small modular reactor (SMR) consortium includes institutions such as the national nuclear laboratory and construction company Laing O & ා39; Rourke. Last year, it won 18 million pounds and started the design of the SMR concept. The UK government says new nuclear power is essential if the UK is to achieve a net zero emissions target by 2050, i.e. any carbon emissions can be offset by the equivalent amount of carbon absorbed in the atmosphere. But there is a loophole in the energy network. Six of Britain’s seven nuclear reactors will be decommissioned by 2030 and the remaining one, sizewell B, will be decommissioned in 2035. Together, they account for about 20% of electricity in the UK. < p > < p > RORO and its partners believe that rather than building large nuclear power projects on muddy land, it is better to build a series of small nuclear power plants in the factory with “modules”. The aim is to redesign the plant into a very high-tech LEGO toy. The components will be broken down into a series of hundreds of such modules, which will be manufactured in a central factory and then transported by road to the site for assembly. < / P > < p > The aim is to solve the biggest problem facing nuclear power: high cost. The reason why they are so expensive is that these projects are huge and complex, and they have to meet very high safety standards. Moreover, because there are few new nuclear power plants, there are few opportunities to learn from mistakes. So, Rollo and his partners said: let’s make them smaller, do a lot of them, and we’ll be very good. < p > < p > Tom Samson, chief executive of UK SMR, claimed that the concept would significantly reduce the amount of construction associated with nuclear power projects. “If we move all of these activities into a controlled factory environment, we can reduce costs through simplification and standardization,” he explained. < / P > < p > each plant will generate 440 megawatts of electricity – about enough to power Sheffield – and it is hoped that once the first plants are built, the cost per plant will be around 2 billion pounds. < / P > < p > the consortium said the first of these modular plants could be built and operational within 10 years, and then two could be built and installed each year thereafter. It’s more than 22 megawatts, but it’s estimated to cost more than 300 billion pounds to produce electricity in cremershire. < / P > < p > in addition to the six nuclear power plants to be offline by 2030, there is another challenge: the substantial growth in electricity demand in the coming decades must be taken into account. This is because, if the net zero target is to be achieved, the UK needs to stop using fossil fuel for transport and home heating. The British government said it could triple the amount of electricity used. < p > < p > UK SMR is not the only company to find a potential gap in the small reactor market. There are dozens of different companies around the world working on small reactor projects. That worries critics of nuclear power. Greenpeace and other environmental groups say small nuclear power plants, like large ones, carry risks of radioactive material release and weapons proliferation. Doug Parr, chief scientist at Greenpeace UK, said that if governments want to tackle climate change through new technologies, it would be better to invest in hydrogen or geothermal energy. < / P > < p > and Professor MV Ramana of the University of British Columbia in Canada says there are other reasons to question the SMR concept. He is a physicist and nuclear policy expert who has studied small modular reactors. The 10-year timescale for the first SMR nuclear power plant in the UK could prove optimistic, he said. So far, he said, a constant in the history of the nuclear industry is that large new concepts have never come in on time and on budget. Given the complexity and scale of even small nuclear power plants, he questioned whether the plant concept could significantly save costs. He pointed out that small nuclear power plants will have to meet the same stringent safety standards as large ones. < / P > < p > he said that in places where the concept has been tried elsewhere – for example in the United States and China – there have been long delays, and the cost is ultimately comparable to that of large nuclear power plants. < / P > < p > finally, he questioned whether there would be a market for these plants by the 2030’s, when SMR said the first nuclear power plants were ready. “In a decade, the competition will be renewable energy, which will be much cheaper than our storage technologies today,” Professor Ramana said. One of the reasons the British government has been trying to get rid of the EU’s state aid rules is to enable it to shoulder the technology it believes will really boost the UK economy and workers. Modular nuclear power can do this. If Rollo and its partners can demonstrate that the plant concept can deliver high-quality nuclear power plants on time and on budget, there is a huge potential world market for this technology. Michael Liebreich, a clean energy consultant, said that the price per unit of electricity may be higher than that of wind or solar, but nuclear power provides electricity almost 24 hours a day, so it can get a premium. The UK SMR takes the concept as a solution to the global challenge of climate change and says there will be a huge export market as the world begins to shift to low-carbon energy. < / P > < p > the UK government has always said that new nuclear power will be a key part of the UK’s future energy system. In addition to the potential investment in SMR, the BBC has reported that the British government is expected to approve the construction of a long discussed large nuclear power plant in sizewell, Suffolk. While there are good reasons to question whether the SMR concept will deliver on its promise of low-cost nuclear power, there is no doubt that it provides an optimistic vision of the UK’s industrial future that the government is eager to see. The iPhone 12 keynote has been recorded in Apple park