The sword of Damocles finally fell. The U.S. Department of justice today formally filed an antitrust lawsuit against Google, accusing the Internet giant of expanding its dominant position in the search and advertising market through illegal business operations, hindering competition and strangling rivals. Along with the Department of justice in 11 red states (Republican dominated), Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, South Carolina and Texas joined in the lawsuit. At a press conference announcing the indictment, Jeffrey Rosen, deputy secretary of justice, said that if the U.S. government does not sue Google, the United States will lose the next wave of innovation and may never see the next Google. Rosen did not rule out the possibility of splitting Google, “anything is possible.”. The lawsuit against Google is a “milestone”, but it is not the end of the Department of justice’s antitrust investigation into the technology industry, and follow-up lawsuits will be filed “if necessary”. Assistant Deputy justice minister Ryan shores said directly that Google’s monopoly must be stopped. < p > < p > the U.S. Department of Justice said in the complaint that Google paid billions of dollars to smart device manufacturers such as apple Samsung, LG, Motorola, and browser manufacturers such as Mozilla and opera every year to set Google search as the default search engine and prevent them from reaching cooperation with Google competitors. “Google effectively holds or controls search channels, with a market share of more than 80% of search traffic in the United States. 94% of smartphone searches are done through Google. ” In response, Kent walker, Google’s chief legal officer and senior vice president, said, “there are serious problems with the lawsuit filed by the Department of justice today. People use Google as their own choice, not as they are forced to use it or have no choice The Justice Department’s litigation, which relies on questionable antitrust claims, does nothing to help consumers. What’s more, (the Justice Department’s lawsuit) will only artificially inflate low-quality search programs, raise the price of mobile phones, and make it more difficult for consumers to use search services. ” < p > < p > Google explained in response to the accusations made by the Ministry of justice that paying apple and other mobile phone manufacturers to set Google as the default search engine is no different from paying other companies to promote their products. “Cereal brands will pay supermarkets to put their products in the most eye-catching position on the shelf.”. Google protested, “U.S. antitrust laws are intended to encourage innovation and help consumers, not to favor certain competitors and make it difficult for consumers to obtain satisfactory services.” The announcement follows a 14 month antitrust investigation into Google by the U.S. Department of justice. The investigators were divided into two groups to investigate Google’s business operations in search and advertising, respectively, without involving Google’s Android operating system and Chrome browser business. According to previous reports in the US media, there is no disagreement within the Justice Department on the prosecution of Google, but there are differences on the progress of the lawsuit. Investigators want more time to investigate and gather more evidence to ensure an advantage in subsequent litigation. But justice minister Barr advocated that the lawsuit be brought as soon as possible. In July, Google, apple, Amazon and Facebook came to the U.S. Congress for an antitrust hearing. Google and Facebook were the main targets of attack at the hearing. However, Republican congressmen are more concerned about whether the political positions of the two platforms are fair, while members are more concerned about whether the business operations of the two platforms hinder market competition. Although the two parties have different concerns, it has become a consensus to deal with the monopoly of technology giants. < p > < p > last week, the US House antitrust Committee (led by people) released more than 400 pages of antitrust investigation report, which clearly stated that the four major technology companies had abused their market position, called on Congress to legislate to split their businesses, and also highlighted Google’s monopoly in the search field (Amazon’s third-party platform, Apple’s app store and Facebook’s acquisition operation) It is also the main objective of antitrust investigation. The antitrust report of the house of representatives also called on Congress to update the anti-monopoly legislation of the United States, and shift the criteria for determining antitrust from whether it is beneficial to consumers to whether it is conducive to competition. The report of the house of Representatives is a branch of legislation, while the prosecution of the Department of justice is an administrative branch. Although the U.S. Department of justice has investigated four Internet giants, there are some political factors behind the choice of Google as the first target of prosecution. As we all know, Google’s relationship with this administration is not harmonious, especially with former President Barack Obama. The Republican Party has been accusing Google of deliberately manipulating search results in favor of liberals. Although Google CEO petraey repeatedly explained that his algorithm was not biased, it did not defuse the hostility of conservatives. Today, along with the Department of justice, we are suing Google’s 11 state governments, all of which are red states dominated by the Republican Party. This is not the first time Google has encountered an antitrust investigation. In 2010, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) of the Obama administration launched an antitrust investigation on Google for nearly two years, focusing on Google’s search business. But at that time, Google CEO Schmidt maintained a good relationship with the Obama administration and personally helped Obama run for re-election. In January 2013, the U.S. government announced that it would not take measures against Google, and Google also escaped. < p > < p > over the past decade, Google’s advantages in the U.S. Internet market have been further expanded. Today, Google has more than 90% of the Internet search market, more than 80% of the mobile operating system market, and more than 70% of the web browser, map, video and other segmentation services. Among the four Internet giants under investigation, Google has an overwhelming advantage in its core market compared with Amazon (less than 50% of the market share) in e-commerce, Facebook in social networking and apple in mobile. < / P > < p > this time, Google obviously won’t have the good luck it had last time. In the past two years, there has been a growing demand for antitrust in American politics, and this is a topic jointly promoted by both parties. The U.S. Department of justice and the house of representatives are investigating four Internet giants suspected of using dominance to stifle competition. Coupled with the poor relationship between Google and the trump government, it is reasonable that Google became the first Internet company to be sued by the US Department of justice. < p > < p > in the past year, more than 20 states in the United States have cooperated with the Federal Department of justice to launch an antitrust investigation into Google search. “We are satisfied with the cross party cooperation in the investigation and with the Federal Department of justice,” they said in a joint statement. This is a historic event for both federal and state antitrust authorities. We will work together to protect competition and innovation in the technology industry. While only 11 states are suing Google today, many more will join the lawsuit in the coming weeks, including Colorado, Iowa, Nebraska, North Carolina, Tennessee, New York and Utah. There is no doubt that this is the largest antitrust lawsuit in the United States since the federal government and 19 states jointly sued Microsoft in 1998. At present, Roberts, the chief executive of the U.S. Supreme Court, happened to be a lawyer who sued Microsoft on behalf of the state 20 years ago. It seems that every 20 years, the U.S. government will sacrifice an antitrust flag to a technology giant. It was IBM in the late 1970s, Microsoft in the late 1990s, and now it’s Google’s turn. From hardware companies to software companies and then to Internet companies, it just represents the characteristics of the times of the American technology industry. The U.S. government began to investigate IBM in 1969 and formally filed a lawsuit in 1975. The U.S. government points out that IBM’s behavior of offering discount prices to customers is predatory pricing, and the vertical integration of the company’s hardware, software and support departments is essentially monopolistic expansion. Although the two sides finally reached a settlement in 1982, IBM escaped the fate of separation, but they also had to give up their previous competitive strategy and were forced to hand over the operating system and processor of personal computers to external companies. Without this anti-monopoly lawsuit, there would be no PC era in the 1980s, let alone the rise of Microsoft. < / P > < p > Gates’s mother and IBM chairman are directors of the same charity. She recommended her son’s software company, Microsoft, to IBM. Because IBM and other bidders did not reach an agreement, they finally chose Microsoft in 1980. At that time, gates did not even take out his own software products. He bought the DOS system for 50000 US dollars and authorized it to IBM with a little modification. After a great success, he authorized it to other hardware manufacturers, and eventually became the operating system overlord in the PC industry. Twenty years later, the protagonist of the antitrust lawsuit became Microsoft. Although Microsoft finally appealed successfully, rescinding the district judge’s decision to split up, Gates also resigned as CEO because of the lawsuit. In the shadow of antitrust, Microsoft abandoned the strategy of radical expansion and pursued commercial profits instead. Another impact of Microsoft’s antitrust lawsuit against the U.S. government is that, in order to retain its competitors, gates agreed to invest $150 million in apple, which was on the verge of bankruptcy. Only then did he lead apple to life and even create brilliant legendary experience. The United States is the first country in the world to formulate anti-monopoly laws. As early as 1890, Sherman Act was passed to stipulate monopoly clearly, and then Clayton Act was passed in 1914 to define price discrimination and hinder competition, and thus the Federal Trade Commission was established. Subsequently, a series of laws were adopted to amend the anti-monopoly law. Every major anti-monopoly investigation will promote the relevant laws to be amended and updated. Looking back over the past century, there are not many U.S. corporate giants that have been split because of antitrust. In 1911, the Rockefeller family’s standard oil company was split into 34 companies, and the oil empire collapsed. Now Mobil is one of them. In 1945, Alcoa was forced to split up after eight years of litigation, and the aluminum trust ended. Now Alcoa is one of them. In 1984, the telecom giant at & T split into eight subsidiaries (one long-distance telephone company and seven regional telephone companies) after 12 years of litigation, and the telecom giant withdrew from the stage. Now Verizon and at & T, two major American operators, are members of the former Bell family. < / P > < p > could Google be forcibly spun off? According to the normal litigation process, as well as the possible appeal process in the future, it is likely to take four to five years from the Department of justice to the final sentence. The two sides are more likely to reach a settlement. The federal government and 19 states jointly sued Microsoft in 1998, and reached a settlement three years after the formal prosecution. During this period, Microsoft was once ordered to be split into two companies by a federal district judge, and then overturned in the court of appeal. < / P > < p > If Biden, the candidate, wins the election in two weeks, the new Biden administration’s Justice Department may also help Google reach a settlement. The U.S. Department of justice did not directly request the federal government today