There is the intergenerational inheritance of ecological knowledge in the elephant population. When entering the unknown or dangerous environment, the older males may play an important role in leading the way for the young males. For long-lived species such as elephants and whales, older individuals are generally better able to cope with complex and changing environments, which may help young individuals in the population to avoid risks. Previous studies in this field have generally focused on females.

Keni Alan and his colleagues at Exeter University, UK, studied the collective behavior and leadership patterns of 1264 male African prairie elephants, which migrated back and forth to the route of the lake MPNP River in Botswana. < / P > < p > the team found that 20.8% (263) of the elephants seen on the migration routes were solitary. The probability of adolescent males traveling alone is much lower than expected, while that of adult males is higher than expected, which may indicate that traveling alone is more risky for young, newly independent and inexperienced individuals. It is found that the older males walk in front of the herd more often, which indicates that the adult males act as the masters of ecological knowledge, and that the adult males may play an important role in the collective migration of all male African grassland elephants. < / P > < p > in terms of reproduction, the old male is considered redundant, which is often used to support legal hunting of the old male. But the team points out that selective hunting of older males may also damage the entire male community and affect the intergenerational transmission of their accumulated ecological knowledge. Privacy Policy